CNN ngợi ca Trường lũy Quảng Ngãi - Bình Định

đăng 06:05 29 thg 3, 2011 bởi Pham Hoai Nhan   [ cập nhật 22:40 11 thg 8, 2012 bởi Admin VINACOM Garden ]
Hãng thông tấn CNN trang trọng dành một bài viết lớn để nói về di tích lịch sử Trường lũy Quảng Ngãi - Bình Định của Việt Nam. PV của CNN còn gọi di tích này là Vạn lý Trường Thành của riêng người Việt Nam.

Adam Bray là phóng viên nước ngoài đầu tiên tới thăm Trường Lũy của Việt Nam. Ngay sau khi trở về, quá ấn tượng và thán phục, Adam Bray đã có bài viết đặc biệt dài gần 1.000 từ đăng tải trên CNN về "bức tường đá" đặc biệt này.

Theo tác giả bài báo, Trường Lũy của Việt Nam dù không dài bằng Vạn Lý Trường Thành của Trung Quốc nhưng đây chắc chắn là một di tích lịch sử - văn hóa gây ấn tượng mạnh đối với thế giới. Adam Bray cũng phỏng đoán Trường Lũy Quảng Ngãi - Bình Định sẽ thu hút được một lượng lớn khách du lịch thế giới.

Trường Lũy Quảng Ngãi - Bình Định đươc Triều Nguyễn xây dựng từ thế kỷ 17 -18, có chiều dài tới 200 km, nối từ huyện Trà Bồng tỉnh Quảng Ngãi đến huyện An Lão tỉnh Bình Định. Trường Lũy nằm dọc qua 9 huyện của dãy Trường Sơn Đông.

"Đây là di tích lịch sử có chiều dài lớn nhất khu vực Đông Nam Á", CNN dẫn lời Giáo sư Phan Huy Lê của Hiệp hội Sử gia Việt Nam cho biết.

Sự khác biệt giữa Trường lũy Quãng Ngãi - Bình Định với các công trình trường lũy khác chính là cách sắp xếp giao thoa, xen lẫn giữa đá và đất. Lũy được đắp hoàn toàn bằng đá để tránh sạt lở, chiều cao thông thường từ 1 đến 3 mét, có điểm cao 4 m; mặt trường lũy rộng 2,5 m, chân dày tới 4 m.

Các nhà khảo cổ học đã tìm thấy các công trình liên quan di tích Trường Lũy này, đặc biệt là hơn 50 đồn bảo và một con đường cổ chạy dọc theo lũy.

Theo Lao động Online

Bài viết của CNN được trích toàn văn tại đây: (Link:
Vietnam's own 'great wall' uncovered)

Vietnam's own 'great wall' uncovered

By Adam Bray, Special for CNN
January 26, 2011 -- Updated 2044 GMT (0444 HKT)

Editor's note: Adam Bray has written extensively on Vietnam and is the first journalist to have visited the Long Wall.

It's not on the same scale of China's Great Wall but is still significant for Vietnam's past and future.
Quang Ngai, Vietnam (CNN) -- Nestled in the mountain foothills of a remote province in central Vietnam, one of the country's most important archaeological discoveries in a century has recently come to light.

After five years of exploration and excavation, a team of archaeologists has uncovered a 127-kilometer (79-mile) wall -- which locals have called "Vietnam's Great Wall."

Professor Phan Huy Lê, president of the Vietnam Association of Historians, said: "This is the longest monument in Southeast Asia."

The wall is built of alternating sections of stone and earth, with some sections reaching a height of up to four meters.

In 2005, Dr. Andrew Hardy, associate professor and head of the Hanoi branch of École Française d'Extrême-Orient (French School of Asian Studies), found an odd reference to a "Long Wall of Quang Ngai" in an 1885 document compiled by the Nguyen Dynasty court entitled, "Descriptive Geography of the Emperor Dong Khanh."

It sparked his imagination and a major exploration and excavation project for a team led by Hardy and Dr. Nguyen Tien Dong, an archaeologist at the Institute of Archaeology (Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences). The wall was discovered after some five years of work.

The Long Wall -- the longest monument in Southeast Asia -- could become a major tourist attraction.

It stretches from northern Quang Ngai Province south into the province of Binh Dinh and is arguably the greatest engineering feat of the Nguyen Dynasty.

Construction of the Long Wall started in 1819 under the direction of Le Van Duyet, a high-ranking mandarin serving Emperor Gia Long.

Despite the locals' nickname referencing the Great Wall of China, the Vietnam Wall is more like Hadrian's Wall -- a Roman-era wall on the border of England and Scotland.

Like Hadrian's Wall, the Quang Ngai wall was built along a pre-existing road. More than 50 ancient forts have been identified along its length, established to maintain security and levy taxes.

There is evidence to suggest that many of the forts, markets and temples built along the road are much older than the wall itself.

It served to demarcate territory and regulate trade and travel between the Viet in the plains and the Hrê tribes in the mountain valleys.

Andrew Hardy (center) and Nguyen Tien Dong (left) led the team that uncovered the wall in central Vietnam.

Research suggests it may have been built in cooperation between both the Viet and the Hrê.

According to experts, the wall's construction was in the interests of both communities, and inhabitants in both zones tell stories about how their respective ancestors built the wall to protect their territory from incursions by the other side.

An application for National Heritage status is now being processed with the ambition of turning the Long Wall into an international tourist attraction.

During a visit to Quang Ngai by international experts in 2010, Christopher Young, Head of International Advice at English Heritage, said: "The Long Wall presents an enormous opportunity for research, careful conservation and sustainable use."

Quang Ngai's Long Wall is not the province's only potential resource for tourism. The area also boasts a lush, mountainous countryside, hot springs, an offshore volcanic island, coral reefs and miles of pristine beaches.

Spread across the province, there are also sites of cultural interest, including vestiges of more than a dozen ancient Cham temples, citadels and Sa Huynh burial grounds dating as far back as 1000 BC.

Most notable among them is the well-preserved Chau Sa Citadel, built in the ninth century.

But the development of the wall for tourism is not without hurdles, given the history of the region.

Quang Ngai is the province where the infamous My Lai massacre occurred in 1968 when U.S. servicemen killed more than 300 apparently unarmed civilians.

Although a museum memorializing the tragedy was built in cooperation with U.S. specialists, the area has remained politically sensitive and under tight government control.

Until recently, the government has been reluctant to allow foreigners to visit some minority communities.

If the endeavor to develop the wall for tourism is successful, it will require the government to promote adventure trekking and cycling through previously isolated highland communities on an unprecedented scale.

That would open Vietnam up to a new kind of tourism -- historical ecotourism -- which goes beyond the Ministry of Tourism's preference for packaged tours in coastal beach resorts.

It may also create the greatest trek in Southeast Asia.